Vlad the Impaler stated his claim to Bucharest in 1459. His citadel on the Dambovita was the first of flotillas of palaces, many of which still stand. Four subway lines and a modern bus network transport visitors and commuters. Nicknamed “Little Paris”, Bucharest’s elegant early 20th-century architecture shows French influences. Don’t miss the Village Museum, Romanian Athenaeum and the Peasant Museum. You can’t miss the Palace of Parliament, the second-largest building in the world (after the Pentagon).